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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

October 2008
Volume 39 , Issue 9

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An epidemiologic study of lip and palate clefts from a Brazilian reference hospital

Hercílio Martelli-Júnior, DDS, MSc, PhD/Paulo Rogério Ferreti Bonan, DDS/ Rodrigo Coleto Santos, DDS/Daniella Reis Barbosa, DDS/Mário Sérgio Oliveira Swerts, DDS, MSc, PhD/Ricardo Della Coletta, DDS, MSc, PhD

Pages: 749–752
PMID: 19093047

Objective: To investigate the distribution of several types of clefts among adolescents and adults receiving treatment at the Center for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies, Unifenas, Minas Gerais State, Brazil. Methods and Materials: A total 154 untreated patients of low socioeconomic means with cleft lips and/or palates, without additional malformations, who came to the Center for Rehabilitation of Craniofacial Anomalies for treatment were analyzed, and clinical and socioeconomic variables were detailed. Results: A predominance of complete cleft lip and palate, either unilateral or bilateral, was observed (52.60%), followed by isolated cleft lip (33.12%) and isolated cleft palate (14.28%). A discrete relationship between cleft palate and the female gender was noticed, and males were more affected by other types of clefts. Conclusions: Non-Caucasian males with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate constituted the main profile of affected individuals. (Quintessence Int 2008;39:749–752)

Key words: cleft lip and palate, epidemiology, population study

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