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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: QI
Quintessence International

Edited by Eli Eliav

ISSN 0033-6572 (print) • ISSN 1936-7163 (online)

Publication:
April 2016
Volume 47 , Issue 4

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Topical sulfasalazine for unresponsive oral lichen planus

Sung-Hee Jeong, DMD, MSD, PhD / Hee-Sam Na, MD, MSD, PhD / Su-Hyeon Park, DDS / Yong-Woo Ahn, DDS, MSD, PhD / Jin Chung, DDS, MSD, PhD

Pages: 319–327
PMID: 26504904
DOI: 10.3290/j.qi.a34974

Objective: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of topical sulfasalazine in the treatment of oral lichen planus (OLP) resistant to corticosteroid therapy. Method and Materials: Twenty-one unresponsive OLP patients were treated with topical sulfasalazine 3 times a day for 4 weeks. Each patient’s symptoms and lesion size were evaluated at the beginning of therapy, and then after 4 weeks to determine the efficacy of topical sulfasalazine. Inflammatory cytokines levels in saliva were measured by ELISA. Results: Seventeen patients (81%) reported improvement of discomfort and 12 patients (57%) had lesions decrease in size over 50%. Patients who had higher levels of IL-1β and IL-8 were more responsive to topical sulfasalazine therapy. Conclusion: Topical sulfasalazine should be considered when OLP does not respond to corticosteroid therapy. Furthermore, high concentrations of IL-1β and IL-8 in the saliva are useful indicators for the application of topical sulfasalazine in OLP patients refractory to steroid treatment.

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