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   Offical Journal of The Academy of Osseointegration

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Volume 28 , Issue 4
July/August 2008

Pages 327-335

Gingival Grafting in Periodontal Practice: Results of 103 Consecutive Surgeries in 82 Patients

Gregory M. Horning, DDS/Arthur Vernino, DDS/Herbert J. Towle III, DDS/Lorena Baccaglini, DDS, MS, PhD

PMID: 18717371
DOI: 10.11607/prd.00.0812

A consecutive series of 103 surgeries in 82 patients was studied from the normal clinical population of a periodontal specialty practice. Four different techniques were employed: free gingival grafts, free connective tissue grafts, pedicle flaps, and combined techniques. Gingival augmentation using free gingival grafts was the most predictable, with 100% of cases showing a gain of ≥ 3 mm. The average root coverage was 2.47 mm overall but was most predictable with a combined technique, with 93% gaining ≥ 2 mm. Miller Class 4 cases were most predictably treated with pedicle flaps and a combined technique. Smokers and patients with more complex sites showed less improvement. Mandibular central incisors and maxillary canines were the most commonly grafted teeth. (Int J Periodontics Restorative Dent 2008;28:327335.)

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