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   Offical Journal of The Academy of Osseointegration

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Volume 39 , Issue 6
November/December 2019

Pages e219e227

Histologic Evaluation of the Bone Regeneration Capacities of Bio-Oss and MinerOss X in Rabbit Calvarial Defects

Nasrin Esfahanizadeh, DDS, MS/Parsa Daneshparvar/Nasrin Takzaree, MPhil, PhD/Mehrnoosh Rezvan, DDS, MS/Niloufar Daneshparvar, DDS

PMID: 31613950
DOI: 10.11607/prd.4181

Several methods are used for periodontal regeneration and alveolar ridge reconstruction. This study aimed to compare the bone regeneration capacities of MinerOss X, Bio-Oss, and autograft in rabbit calvaria. In this animal study, four defects measuring 8 mm in diameter were created in the calvaria of 10 rabbits using a trephine bur. Three defects were randomly filled with MinerOss X, Bio-Oss, and autogenous bone. The fourth defect remained empty as a control. The rabbits were sacrificed after 4 or 8 weeks. Calvarial samples were taken and histopathologically evaluated. The mean number of osteoblasts and the amount of newly formed bone in all groups were higher at 8 compared to 4 weeks. At 4 and 8 weeks, the amount of newly formed bone and number of osteoblasts and osteocytes in MinerOss X group were significantly greater than the corresponding values in other groups, and MinerOss X was superior to Bio-Oss and autograft in all the assessed variables at both 4 and 8 weeks (P < .001). Within the limitations of this study, the results showed that the number of osteoblasts and osteocytes and the amount of newly formed bone in the MinerOss X group were higher than those in Bio-Oss and autograft groups. However, further clinical studies are warranted.

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