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Volume 36 , Issue 6
November/December 2016

Pages 817–823


Scarring of Soft Tissues Following Apical Surgery: Visual Assessment of Outcomes One Year After Intervention Using the Bern and Manchester Scores

Thomas von Arx, Prof Dr Med Dent/Simone F.M. Janner, Dr Med Dent/Stefan Hänni, Dr Med Dent/Michael M. Bornstein, Prof Dr Med Dent


PMID: 27740642
DOI: 10.11607/prd.3010

The successful outcome of apical surgery is usually defined by absence of clinical signs and symptoms and resolution of previous periapical radiolucencies. However, little attention is given to soft tissue scarring. The present study evaluated the severity of gingival and mucosal scarring 1 year following apical surgery of 52 teeth. Clinical pictures taken at the 1-year examination were rated by three observers using specific scarring scores. The overall repeatability of the two scores was high (85.3%), whereas the overall reproducibility was relatively low (44.2%). None of the tested variables proved significant for influencing scar severity.


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