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Volume 15 , Issue 2
March/April 2000

Pages 197208

Assessment of Osseointegration by Nonlinear Dynamic Response

Lance C. Ramp, DMD, PhD, Michael S. Reddy, DMD, DMSc, Robert L. Jeffcoat, PhD

PMID: 10795452

Quantitative assessment of osseointegration remains a goal of researchers and clinicians alike. In this study, an instrument was designed for this purpose and tested in an animal model. Effective mechanical impedance, linearized for quasi-static force, was measured in 22 implants placed in the hind tibiae of 2 large hounds. The results demonstrate that in this animal long-bone model, the effective impedance of titanium root-form implants exhibits a degree of nonlinear behavior correlated with their state of osseointegration. This observation may be the basis for useful clinical instrumentation. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 2000;15:197208) Key words: animal model, dental, histomorphometry, impedance, implant, mechanical, nonlinear, osseointegration

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