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Volume 8 , Issue 6
November/December 1993

Pages 681-687

Changes in Mandibular Mineral Content 3 Years After Residual Ridge Augmentation With Porous Hydroxyapatite: A Clinical Report

Nina von Wowern, DDS, PhD, Dr Odont/Nils Worsaae, DDS

PMID: 8181831

Changes in the bone mineral content (BMC) of edentulous mandibles after augmentation with porous hydroxyapatite (HA), in blocks (B) in one side and in granules (G) in the opposite side, were measured in vivo by dual-photon absorptiometry. The BMC changes in each side at the 1-, 2-, and 3-year follow-up were expressed in percent of the 1-week postoperative BMC value. In unexposed augmentations new bone formation seems to occur during the first year in the HA-B sides, followed by the biologic age-related BMC loss; while the HA-G sides show pronounced resorption of hydroxyapatite and bone during the entire period. Although porous HA-B and HA-G are unsuitable for residual ridge augmentation, porous HA-B may be used for implantation in areas without risk for exposure of HA resulting from loading of covering soft tissues. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1993;8:681-687.)

Key words: bone changes, bone mineral content, dual-photon absorptiometry, hydroxyapatite, implants, mandible, residual ridge augmentation, surgery

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