Share Page:

Volume 8 , Issue 6
November/December 1993

Pages 609-615

The Association Between the Failure of Dental Implants and Cigarette Smoking

Crawford A. Bain, BDS, DDS, MSEd/Peter K. Moy, BSc, DMD

PMID: 8181822

This paper reviews the outcome of 2,194 Brånemark implants placed in 540 patients by one of the authors over a 6-year period. The overall failure rate of 5.92% is consistent with other studies; however, when patients were subdivided into smokers and nonsmokers, it was found that a significantly greater percentage of failures occurred in smokers (11.28%) than in nonsmokers (4.76%) (P < .001). These differences were significant for all areas except the posterior mandible. While failure rates decreased with increasing implant length, failure rates for each implant length were consistently higher in smokers than in nonsmokers. The possible mechanisms of failure in smokers are discussed, and a protocol for cessation of smoking around the time of surgery is proposed. (INT J ORAL MAXILLOFAC IMPLANTS 1993;8:609—615.)

Key words: Brånemark implants, failure, implant length, implant location, osseointegration, smoking/adverse effects

Full Text PDF File | Order Article


Get Adobe Reader
Adobe Acrobat Reader is required to view PDF files. This is a free program available from the Adobe web site.
Follow the download directions on the Adobe web site to get your copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader.


© 2020 Quintessence Publishing Co, Inc JOMI Home
Current Issue
Ahead of Print
Author Guidelines
Accepted Manuscripts
Submission Form
Quintessence Home
Terms of Use
Privacy Policy
About Us
Contact Us