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Volume 37 , Issue 2
March/April 2022

Pages 235249

Efficacy of Antibiotics Used as an Adjunct in the Treatment of Peri-implant Mucositis and Peri-implantitis: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

Yu Wang, DDS, MDS, MS, DMD/Chia-Yu Chen, DDS/Panagiota G. Stathopoulou, DDS, MS, PhD, DMD/Laurel K. Graham, MLS/Jonathan Korostoff, DMD, PhD/Ya-Wei Chen, DDS, MS, PhD

DOI: 10.11607/jomi.9220

Purpose: This systI ematic review aimed to assess the clinical efficacy of antibiotics when used as an adjunct in treating peri-implant diseases. Materials and Methods: A systematic search of papers published between January 1980 and March 2020 was conducted. Randomized clinical trials with at least 10 patients who had peri-implant diseases, treated with or without adjunctive antibiotics in combination with surgical or nonsurgical therapies, and with a minimum of at least 3 months of follow-up were included. Meta-analyses were conducted to analyze weighted mean differences in probing depth reduction, radiographic bone level gain, and odds ratio of treatment success. Results: From the 856 articles identified, 10 articles met the inclusion criteria and were selected. Of these, 7 articles were used for the meta-analysis. The adjunctive use of antibiotics in the treatment of peri-implant diseases yielded significantly greater probing depth reduction (weighted mean differences = 0.56 mm at 3 months, P = .001; 0.77 mm at 6 months, P < .00001; 0.92 mm at 12 months, P < .00001), radiographic bone level gain (weighted mean differences = 0.64 mm, P = .03), and treatment success (odds ratio = 1.74, P = .04) compared to the same treatment without antibiotics. Conclusion: Based on the existing evidence, the use of adjunctive antibiotics to treat peri-implant diseases, especially peri-implantitis, provided potential benefits in clinical outcomes for up to 12 months posttherapy.

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