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Volume 36 , Issue 4
July/August 2021

Pages 633–639

The Effect of Application of Combined Bovine-Derived Anorganic Bone Graft and Hemostatic Plant Extract on Bone Regeneration

Mert Sanrı, DDS, PhD/İffet Yazıcıoğlu, DDS, PhD/Mehmet Kürkçü, DDS, PhD

PMID: 34411202
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.8725

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of bovine-derived anorganic bone graft (ABB) in combination with hemostatic plant extract (ABS) on bone regeneration. Materials and Methods: Three bone defects were created via an extraoral approach on the mandibles of nine domestic pigs. The first defects were filled with ABS solution (0.3 mL/defect) in a transporting agent of ABB (0.3 cc/defect), whereas the second defects were filled with ABS (0.3 mL/defect) in microcapsules for controlled drug release, combined with ABB (0.3 cc/defect) again. The third defects were left empty. After a 10-week healing period and the sacrification, undecalcified sections were prepared for histomorphometric analysis. Results: The mean total area of hard tissue was 29.54% ± 3.2% in the control group, 59.78% ± 5.4% in the conventional group, and 63.67% ± 4.2% in the microsphere group (P < .001). The mean area of newly formed bone was 29.54% ± 3.2% in the control group, 34.79% ± 3.9% in the conventional group, and 37.95% ± 5.3% in the microsphere group (P = .003). The mean residual graft area was 24.99% ± 2.4% in the conventional group and 25.71% ± 4.4% in the microsphere group (P = .730). Conclusion: The combined usage of ABS and ABB in both ways increased bone regeneration statistically. However, there was no significant difference between the two methods for ABS delivery systems in terms of new bone regeneration.

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