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Volume 30 , Issue 3
May/June 2015

Pages 569-577

Salivary Pellicle vs Whole Saliva: The Response of Oral Fibroblasts Based on a Genome-Wide Microarray

Barbara Cvikl, MD, DMD/Adrian Lussi, DMD/Andreas Moritz, MD, DMD/Reinhard Gruber, PhD

PMID: 26009907
DOI: 10.11607/jomi.3912

Purpose: Whole saliva comprises components of the salivary pellicle that spontaneously forms on surfaces of implants and teeth. However, there are no studies that functionally link the salivary pellicle with a possible change in gene expression. Materials and Methods: This study examined the genetic response of oral fibroblasts exposed to the salivary pellicle and whole saliva. Oral fibroblasts were seeded onto a salivary pellicle and the respective untreated surface. Oral fibroblasts were also exposed to freshly harvested sterile-filtered whole saliva. A genome-wide microarray of oral fibroblasts was performed, followed by gene ontology screening with DAVID functional annotation clustering, KEGG pathway analysis, and the STRING functional protein association network. Results: Exposure of oral fibroblasts to saliva caused 61 genes to be differentially expressed (P < .05). Gene ontology screening assigned the respective genes into 262 biologic processes, 3 cellular components, 13 molecular functions, and 7 pathways. Most remarkable was the enrichment in the inflammatory response. None of the genes regulated by whole saliva was significantly changed when cells were placed onto a salivary pellicle. Conclusion: The salivary pellicle per se does not provoke a significant inflammatory response of oral fibroblasts in vitro, whereas sterile-filtered whole saliva does produce a strong inflammatory response.

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