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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Anton Sculean, Poul Erik Petersen, Avijit Banerjee

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996


March/April 2018
Volume 16 , Issue 2

Pages: 145–151
PMID: 29736493
DOI: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a40321
Share Abstract:

Erosive Tooth Wear and Dietary Patterns: A Clinical Study

Alice Moreira Neves Pedrão / Leslie Andrews Portes / Everton Padilha Gomes / Fernanda Cristina Figueira Teixeira / Alexandre da Costa Pereira / Natalia Cristina de Oliveira

Materials and Methods: Two hundred seven subjects (29 vegetarians, 96 lacto-ovo vegetarians and 82 omnivores) underwent an oral assessment and were asked to answer questionnaires about diet and oral care.

Results: Individuals who followed vegetarian and lacto-ovo vegetarian diets had statistically significantly more erosive tooth wear than did omnivores (p = 0.004). Conversely, omnivores presented more tooth loss than did lacto-ovo vegetarians (p = 0.027). Being a vegetarian or a lacto-ovo vegetarian entailed an increased risk (4 times and 2.5 times, respectively) of presenting erosive tooth wear than being omnivorous.

Conclusion: Vegetarian and lacto-ovo vegetarian dietary patterns seem to favour the loss of dental structure by erosion. Vegetarian patients should thus be informed about preventive measures and treated accordingly.

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