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Oral Health & Preventive Dentistry

Edited by Anton Sculean, Poul Erik Petersen, Avijit Banerjee

ISSN (print) 1602-1622 • ISSN (online) 1757-9996


March/April 2018
Volume 16 , Issue 2

Pages: 137–143
PMID: 29736492
DOI: 10.3290/j.ohpd.a40306
Share Abstract:

Change in the Caries Status of Pregnant Women in Southeast Hungary and Its Background

Nándor Práger / Gabriella Kiss / Hajnalka Orvos / Tibor Novák / Katalin Virág / István Gorzó / Márta Radnai

Purpose: To examine the caries status of pregnant women in southeast Hungary and compare the results with a similar study completed in the same region ten years earlier to determine whether any improvement has taken place in the past decade. Another objective was to assess the effects of age, socioeconomic status and number of pregnancies on oral health.

Materials and Methods: The dental examination of 130 pregnant women was carried out at the Dental Clinic of University of Szeged, Faculty of Dentistry in 2011–2013 (group 1). Caries status was examined according to WHO guidelines. In order to compare demographic and socioeconomic factors with DMF indices, find the decisive influencing factors and compare the results with the results of the previous study (group 2), two-way ANOVA and regression analyses were conducted.

Results: The number of highly educated, professional, urban participants included in the present group (group 1) was greater compared with that of group 2. Despite the higher age of the pregnant women in present study, statistically significantly lower DMFT (10.05 vs 12.57, p = 0.008) and DMFS (19.41 vs 26.26, p = 0.001) scores were found than ten years ago. In both studies, the regression analyses showed that women’s age was the main contributing factor to caries status.

Conclusion: The lower DMFT and DMFS values and the participants’ willingness to participate in the dental screening in the present study group were probably the result of their higher educational background and that they worked as professionals.

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