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Volume 33 , Issue 1
Winter 2019

Pages 114–122

Role of Link N in Modulating Inflammatory Conditions

Mu-Chen Yang, MSc/Ding-Han Wang, PhD/Juin-Hong Cherng, PhD/Wan-Chun Li, PhD/Po-Yen Lin, DDS, PhD/Wun-Eng Hsu, DDS/Ming-Lun Hsu, DDS, Dr Med Dent

PMID: 30703176
DOI: 10.11607/ofph.1952

Aims: To elucidate the role of Link N in regulating inflammatory molecules from human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) under interleukin (IL)-1β stimulation in vitro and under Complete Freund’s Adjuvant (CFA)–induced arthritis of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) in vivo. Methods: In vitro analysis of inflammatory cytokines and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) genes in hMSCs treated with Link N, IL-1β, and co-stimulation of IL-1β and Link N was undertaken using Luminex multiplex assays and real-time polymerase chain reaction, respectively. To determine the impact of Link N in ameliorating TMJ tissue homeostasis in arthritic conditions, histologic changes in CFA-induced arthritic TMJ tissues followed by application of Link N were examined. All data were analyzed using one-way analysis of variance with Bonferroni post hoc test. Results: Increased levels of IL-6; interferon gamma-inducible protein-10; and regulated upon activation, normal T cell expressed, and secreted (RANTES) were detected in response to IL-1β treatment, but these levels were significantly decreased in the co-stimulation group. In contrast, secreted IL-4, IL-10, and transforming growth factor β1–β3 proteins, as well as intracellular erb-b2 receptor tyrosine kinase 3 and Nodal homolog genes, were increased significantly in the co-stimulation group compared to the IL-1β group. Histologic analysis showed significant recovery for rat condyle thickness in the Link N–treated group when compared to the CFA-induced arthritis group. Conclusion: These findings indicate that Link N could modulate inflammation and EMT in vitro and repair arthritis-mediated TMJ disruption in vivo. Link N could be a potential therapeutic agent for TMJ disorder patients.

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