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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988


Winter 1999
Volume 1 , Issue 4

Pages: 315-321
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Bonding procedures for Intraoral Repair of Exposed Metal with Resin Composite.

Kiatsirirote, Kritira; Northeast, Simon E.; van Noort, Richard

Purpose: To determine if tin plating can be recommended for intraoral repair of ceramic veneered cast restorations where metal of unknown composition is exposed by loss of ceramic. This study investigated the effectiveness of surface treatments incorporating tin plating and unfilled resin to enhance the tensile bond strength of a resin composite restorative to three different metal ceramic casting alloys. Materials and Methods: Gold-platinum, palladium-tin and nickel-chromium alloys were used to fabricate 120 rods of each alloy, 4 x 15 mm. The end of each rod was ground perpendicular on 600-grit SiC paper and grit blasted with 50-m alumina. Rods from each alloy were divided into four groups of 30 to receive one of the following treatments before bonding pairs end to end with a visible light-polymerized resin composite (Herculite XRV): 1) direct bonding with the resin composite; 2) tin plating (Micro-Tin) and bonding; 3) application of unfilled resin (Chameleon) and bonding; 4) tin plated, application of unfilled resin and bonding. The bonded samples were stored in distilled water, incubated at 37C for 24 hours and tested for tensile bond strength at a crosshead speed of 1 mm/min in a Lloyd 1000R machine. The mode of failure was examined using a stereo zoom microscope. Results: A statistically significant increase in tensile bond strength was demonstrated between the control (group 1) and both the gold and palladium alloy treated with tin plating and unfilled resin (group 4). Tin plating, or tin plating with the application of unfilled resin had no statistically significant effect on the tensile bond strength of resin composite to the nickel-chromium alloy. Conclusion: The results demonstrate that tin plating, in conjunction with the application of a low-viscosity unfilled resin, optimizes the tensile bond of a resin composite to the three alloys used in the study. This procedure can be recommended for intraoral repair of exposed metal when the type of alloy belongs to one of the investigated alloy groups.

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