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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988


Summer 2000
Volume 2 , Issue 2

Pages: 129-138
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Marginal Characteristics of Different Filling Materials and Filling Methods with Standardized Cavity Preparation.

Stoll, Richard; Remes, Hubertus; Kunzelmann, Karl-Heinz; Stachniss, Vitus

Purpose: The aim of the present study was to investigate the influence of different filling materials and methods on marginal integrity in Black Class I fillings. Materials and Methods: Standardized occlusal cavities were prepared in SO extracted human molars The preparations were filled with composite resin (1), with composite resin using the incremental technique (2), an experimental glass-fiber-reinforced (3) and polyester-reinforced (4) composite resin, a direct composite inlay (5), a ceramic insert (6), a Cerafil inlay (7), and with an experimental direct filling using Dyract AP compomer (8). Allocation of the teeth to the test groups was randomized; further processing was done on a blind basis. After the preparation of replicas, the teeth were subjected to a thermomechanical cycling process of 2,000 temperature cycles (5C/55C) and 50,000 stress cycles (50 N). This was followed by production of a second set of replicas and quantitative margin analysis by SEM (200X). A dye penetration test was then performed on the mesiodistal section. Results: Groups 1, 2, 5, 6 and 7 displayed a good primary marginal quality, with the proportion of continuous margins reaching more than 85%. Significantly poorer results were recorded for the experimental glass-fiber-reinforced composite resins and Dyract compomer. where the proportion of perfect margins was only between 36% and 73%. In groups 1, 2, 5, 6 and 7, marginal integrity remained stable after the thermomechanical stress cycles, with the Cerafil inlays recording the best values: 89% perfect margins and 3% marginal gaps. In contrast, the experimental composite resins and the compomer underwent a significant (p < 0.05) increase in the proportion of marginal gaps and a significant (p < 0.05) reduction in the proportion of continuous margin. Conclusion: The results of This study show that neither Dyract compomer nor the glass-fiber-reinforced composite resins tested can be recommended for use in the occlusally stressed posterior region, whereas the other filling materials and methods were sufficiently stress resistant.

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