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The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988


July/August 2006
Volume 8 , Issue 4

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Shear Bond Strength of Glass-ionomer Cements to Air-abraded Dentin

de Souza-Zaroni, Wanessa Christine / Nhani, Vanessa Tessari / Ciccone-Nogueira, Juliane Cristina / Chinelatti, Michelle Alexandra / Palma-Dibb, Regina Guenka / Corona, Silmara Aparecida Milori

Purpose: The aim of this in vitro study was to evaluate the shear bond strength of two conventional glass-ionomer cements to bovine dentin when using the air-abrasion technique for cavity preparation. Materials and Methods: Forty bovine central incisors were selected, embedded in polyester resin, and ground until the dentin surface was exposed. The teeth were randomly assigned to four groups: I and II – rotating instrument with a carbide bur; III and IV – an air-abrasion system. Groups I and III were restored with Fuji IX and groups II and IV with Ketac Molar. A 3-mm-diameter bonding site was delimited and treated with 10% polyacrylic acid for 10 s in the Fuji IX subgroups and with 25% polyacrylic acid for 10 s in the Ketac Molar subgroups. After surface treatment, a glassionomer cylinder was prepared for each specimen, using a split bisected Teflon matrix. The finished specimens were submitted to the shear bond strength test in a universal testing machine at a crosshead speed of 0.5 mm/min. The data were analyzed using ANOVA and Scheffé statistical tests. The dentin bonding areas were analyzed under a stereoscopic optical magnifier (40X) to assess the type of failure. Results: The mean (SD) shear bond strengths in MPa were: group I – 3.49 (± 3.77), group II – 7.17 (± 2.93), group III – 7.55 (± 2.99), group IV – 5.67 (± 3.90). Ketac Molar showed higher bond strength values in bur-prepared cavities, while on the air-abraded preparations, Fuji IX showed superior results. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the air-abrasion system used for cavity preparations may influence the bonding performance of conventional glass-ionomer cements to dentin

Keywords: air abrasion, cavity preparation, conventional glass-ionomer cement, bovine dentin, shear bond strength

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