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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JAD

 

The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988

Publication:

November/December 2019
Volume 21 , Issue 6



Pages: 545550
DOI: 10.3290/j.jad.a43651
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Effect of Molar Preparation Axial Height on Retention of Adhesively-luted CAD-CAM Ceramic Crowns

Robert Wake / Richard Buck / Nicholas DuVall / Howard Roberts

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of axial wall height (AWH) on failure resistance of CAD-CAM adhesively-bonded, all-ceramic crowns on molar preparations with a conservative total occlusal convergence (TOC).

Materials and Methods: 60 newly extracted maxillary third molars were divided into 5 groups (n = 12) and prepared for all-ceramic crowns with occlusal cervical AWH of 0, 1, 2, 3, and 4 mm, all containing a conservative 10-degree TOC. Scanned preparations were fitted with lithium-disilicate glass-ceramic crowns using a self-adhesive resin-composite luting agent after intaglio surface preparation with hydrofluoric acid and silane. Specimens were stored at 37C/98% humidity for 24 h and tested to failure at a 45-degree angle applied to the palatal cusp on a universal testing machine. Mean results were analyzed using ANOVA and Tukey’s test (p = 0.05).

Results: Preparations containing 2, 3, and 4 mm AWH demonstrated similar and higher failure resistance than the 0- and 1-mm axial wall height groups.

Conclusions: Under the conditions of this study, evidence is presented that under certain conditions CAD-CAM adhesive technology may compensate for less than optimal AWH. Based on both failure load results and failure mode analysis, adhesively-luted maxillary molar CAD-CAM crowns based on a preparation containing 10-degree TOC require at least 2 mm AWH for adequate resistance and retention. However, adoption of these findings is cautioned until both fatigue analysis and appropriate clinical evidence has been provided.

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