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Quintessence Publishing: Journals: JAD

 

The Journal of Adhesive Dentistry

Edited by Prof. Dr. Roland Frankenberger, Prof. Bart Van Meerbeek

ISSN (print) 1461-5185 • ISSN (online) 1757-9988

Publication:

September/October 2018
Volume 20 , Issue 5



Pages: 389395
DOI: 10.3290/j.jad.a41365
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The Influence of Ceramic Re-pressing on Surface Properties, Bond Strength, and Color Stability of Leucite Ceramic

Fernanda O. Abu-Izze / Amanda M. O. Dal Piva / Marco A. Bottino / Luiz Felipe Valandro / Renata M. Melo

Purpose: To evaluate the influence of recycling a pressed ceramic material on surface properties, color stability and bond strength to composite cement.

Materials and Methods: Forty-eight (48) ingots from a heat-pressed ceramic (PM9, Vita Zahnfabrik) were fabricated through the lost-wax technique and then polished with SiC sandpaper to standardize the dimensions (diameter: 12 mm; length: 4 mm). Leftover material from processing the pressed groups was retrieved and used to repeat heat pressing for the re-pressed groups. The ingots were randomly divided into 3 groups according to the number of injections - one, two, or three times. Ra, Rz, and RSm surface roughness parameters were evaluated through a contact rugosimeter. Topography was analyzed using SEM and the chemical constituents using EDS (energy dispersive spectroscopy). Color stability was evaluated according to CIE-Lab parameters to determine color variation (∆E). Composite ingots with the same dimensions were cemented over each ceramic, then this set was cut into sticks with a 1-mm2 cross-sectional area. Half of the sticks were submitted to microtensile bond strength (TBS) testing after 24 h. The other half was tested after thermocycling (5000 cycles, 5C-55C) and storage in water at 37C for 6 months.

Results: One-way ANOVA showed that the number of injections influenced both Rz and RSm roughness parameters (p = 0.00), but not Ra (p = 0.97). One injection exhibited higher (Rz) and grooves with less space between them (RSm) compared to the other groups. For color stability, the values of L*, a*, and b* were influenced by the number of injections (p = 0.00). ∆E = 5 was found for 2 injections and ∆E = 3 for 3 injections, using a control group as reference. One-way ANOVA showed that the number of injections significantly influenced wettability values: 1inj (63 5.3)A > 2inj (49 8.2)B > 3inj (45.8 15.8)B. However, the evaluated factor did not influence the bond strength of non-aged groups. Furthermore, aged groups showed that 1inj (21 37)a presented higher mean values than 2inj (10 8)b or 3inj (12 10.)b.

Conclusion: Re-pressing the evaluated ceramic improves roughness and wettability, but compromises the color stability and decreases bond strengths after long-term aging.

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