Purpose: To investigate the influence of pretreating demineralized enamel with a caries infiltrant on the margin integrity of Class V composite restorations bonded with different adhesives.
Materials and Methods: A total of 60 specimens from bovine incisors were demineralized (21 days, acid buffer, pH
4.95) to create artificial enamel lesions, and circular Class V cavities were prepared. Cavities of half of the specimens
were treated with either an unfilled etch-and-rinse adhesive (Syntac Classic; Ivoclar Vivadent), a filled etch-and-rinse adhesive (Optibond FL; Kerr), or a self-etch adhesive (iBond Self Etch; Heraeus Kulzer) (n = 10 per
group). Demineralized enamel of the other half of the specimens was pretreated with a caries infiltrant (Icon; DMG)
prior to adhesive application. All cavities were restored with a nanofilled composite material and thermocycled
(5000×, 5ºC–55ºC). Margin integrity was evaluated using scanning electron microscopy, and the percentage of
continuous margin was statistically analyzed (p < 0.05).
Results: The significantly highest margin integrity was observed for Optibond FL, whether or not demineralized
enamel was pretreated with the infiltrant. Pretreatment of demineralized enamel with the infiltrant resulted in a significant
increase in margin integrity when the unfilled etch-and-rinse adhesive (Syntac Classic) or the self-etch adhesive
(iBond Self Etch) was subsequently applied, but showed no significant improvement in combination with the
filled etch-and-rinse adhesive (Optibond FL).
Conclusion: Application of a caries infiltrant can improve margin integrity of composite fillings in demineralized
enamel when used in combination with the examined self-etch and unfilled adhesives.