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Volume 34 , Issue 2
March/April 2021

Pages 192198

Comparison of Success Rates of Cone Beam Computed Tomography in the Retrieval of Metal-Ceramic vs All-Ceramic Implant-Supported Restorations: An In Vitro Study

Hamid Neshandar Asli, DDS, PhD/Zahra Dalili Kajan, DDS, PhD/Negar Khosravifard, DDS, PhD/Seyedeh Newsha Roudbary, DDS/Elahe Rafiei, MS

PMID: 31995036
DOI: 10.11607/ijp.6334

Purpose: To assess the success rates of cone beam computed tomography (CBCT) in identifying the locations and directions of abutment screw access holes (ASAHs) in metal-ceramic and all-ceramic implant restorations. Materials and Methods: Thirty-two implants were inserted into four clear acrylic casts. Metal-ceramic and all-ceramic crowns were placed on the inserted implants in two successive tasks. A maxillofacial radiologist determined the locations and angles of the ASAHs based on the CBCT images that were taken from the casts. Locations obtained from the CBCT images were carefully transferred to the crowns as access points. A prosthodontist pierced the crowns along the proposed access points and in the direction determined based on the CBCT images. Proper crown removal was considered to be the mark of success of CBCT in detecting ASAH location and direction. Fisher exact and chi-square tests were used to compare the results between the two types of restoration. Results: Success rates of CBCT for defining ASAH location and direction were, respectively, 96.9% and 93.8% in metal-ceramic restorations and 78.1% and 59.4% in all-ceramic restorations. There were no significant differences between the two restoration types regarding the detection of location in either molar (P = .333) or premolar (P = .226) crowns. Abutment angle did not affect the success rate of CBCT in determining ASAH location or direction in metal-ceramic restorations. Conclusion: CBCT images define the locations and directions of ASAHs in metal-ceramic restorations more reliably than in all-ceramic restorations. In contrast to the metal-ceramic crowns, the success rate of CBCT in all-ceramic crowns is more dependent on abutment angle and crown morphology.

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