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Volume 34 , Issue 2
March/April 2021

Pages 183191

Medium- and Long-Term Survival Rates of Implant-Supported Single and Partial Restorations at a Maximum Follow-up of 12 Years: A Retrospective Study

Stefano Corbella, DDS, PhD/Alice Alberti, DDS/Elena Calciolari, DDS, MS, PhD/Luca Francetti, MD, DDS

PMID: 33882565
DOI: 10.11607/ijp.6883

Purpose: To present medium- and long-term biologic outcomes of implant-supported single-tooth restorations and fixed partial dentures and to analyze their correlations with prosthesis and patient characteristics. Materials and Methods: The records of patients treated with implant-supported fixed restorations between 2004 and 2019 reporting the presence or absence of peri-implantitis and/or implant failure were analyzed. The cumulative survival rate (%) over time was calculated, as well as the cumulative prevalence of units free of peri-implantitis. Results: A total of 344 implants in 112 patients were included, with a mean follow-up period of 5.3 4.0 years after loading. The cumulative survival rates for implants supporting single crowns and fixed partial dentures were 98.11% and 100% after 5 years, respectively, and 97.43% and 98.96% after 10 years, with an overall survival rate of 91.69% after 12 years. At the patient level, the implant survival rates were 95.42%, 92.73%, and 85.31% at 5, 10, and 12 years, respectively. The cumulative rate of implants free from peri-implantitis was 87.46% at the implant level and 72.39% at the patient level. Implant and prosthesis characteristics did not affect the long-term occurrence of implant failure or peri-implantitis. The development of peri-implantitis was statistically correlated with patient smoking habits, but not with history of periodontitis or with diabetes mellitus. Conclusion: Implants supporting single crowns and fixed partial dentures showed relatively high medium- and long-term survival rates that were not influenced by the implant or prosthesis characteristics, including the retention method. As for patient characteristics, only smoking was correlated with the occurrence of peri-implantitis.

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