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Influence of Post Length, Post Material, and Substance Loss on the Fracture Resistance of Endodontically Treated Teeth. A Laboratory Study

Abdulaziz Samran DDS, MSc, Dr.Med.Dent/Bilal Mourshed BDS, MSc/Mohammed A. Ahmed BDS, MSc/Majed Al-Akhali BDS, MDSc, Dr.Med.Dent/Matthias Kern Prof, Dr.Med.Dent, Habil

DOI: 10.11607/ijp.7468

Purpose: To evaluate the effects of post length, post material, and substance loss on the fracture resistance of endodontically treated mandibular premolars. Materials and Methods: A total of 96 extracted human mandibular first premolars were endodontically treated and divided into 12 test groups (n = 8 each) based on the number of residual walls (one/two), post material (glass-fiber/titanium), and post length (5 mm, 7.5 mm, and 10 mm). After luting the posts, specimens received a composite resin core and a crown preparation with a 1.5-mm ferrule. Cast cobalt-chromium crowns were cemented using glass-ionomer cement. After 1,200,000 chewing cycles with a load of 49 N and simultaneous thermocycling (5°C to 55°C), specimens were quasi-statically loaded at 30 degrees to the longitudinal axis of the tooth until fracture. Fracture loads were analyzed using three-way, two-way, and one-way analysis of variance (α = .05). Fracture modes were examined under a stereomicroscope (×25) and recorded. Results: Fracture loads ranged from 642 ± 190 N (one wall, glass fiber, 5 mm) to 1,170 ± 130 (two walls, titanium, 7.5 mm). The mean fracture load of titanium posts was significantly higher than that of glass-fiber posts (P < .001), and the 7.5-mm post length exhibited significantly higher fracture loads than groups with 5-mm and 10-mm post length (P = .008). Conclusion: Teeth restored with titanium posts revealed considerably higher fracture resistance than teeth restored with glass-fiber posts, especially if 7.5-mm–length posts were used.

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