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CIEL*a*b* values in vita classical and vita 3d master by two dental spectrophotometers

Susana Beatriz Ferreira Dias (DDS)/João Miguel Lourenço Silveira (DDS, PhD)/Ruben Miguel Nunes Pereira (DDS)/Ana Beatriz Cardoso/António Duarte Sola Pereira da Mata (DDS, PhD)/Duarte Nuno da Silva Marques (DDS, PhD)

DOI: 10.11607/ijp.7235

Purpose: To compare the CIE L*a*b* values of two different dental shade guides using two shade-matching spectrophotometers. Materials and Methods: SpectroShade Micro (MHT) and Easyshade (VITA Zahnfabrik) were tested. One calibrated operator performed 30 measurements of each tab from three batches of two guides, VITA Classical (VC) and VITA 3D-Master (VM). Receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves and intraclass coefficients (ICC) between the different batches were calculated. Results were given as mean and SD of the L*a*b* values and the respective color differences according to the CIEDE 2000 formula (ΔE00) for each of the shade tabs in the two spectrophotometers, then analyzed with independent student t test (α = .05). Results: A total of 1,440 and 2,610 measurements for VC and VM, respectively, were performed per spectrophotometer. There were statistically significant differences between the two devices for all L*a*b* values, with the exception of: L* for 3R1.5; a* for 2R1.5, 3L1.5, 2L2.5, 3M2, 3L2.5, 4L1.5, and 4L2.5; and b* for D3, 1M2, and 3M2. When assessing the same shade guide, differences in ΔE00 were detected between devices above the acceptability threshold (ΔE00 ≥ 1.8) for all shade tabs except for VC (C1, C2, D3, A3.5, C3, and A4) and VM (4M1, 3R2.5, 4L2.5, and 4M3). The overall mean of the inter-device ΔE00 was 2.2 ± 1.0 for VC and 2.5 ± 1.0 for VM. Conclusion: The two dental spectrophotometers presented high ICC and ROC values, which validates their indication as auxiliary tools. However, there are discrepancies in the hues D (VC) and R (VM) with interdevice variability when evaluated for the L*a*b* component.

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