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Effects of Different Forms of Denture Adhesives on Biofilm Formation, Adhesive Strength and Hygiene of Complete Dentures

Marcela Silva Costa/Cláudia Helena Lovato da Silva/Viviane de Cássia Oliveira/Evandro Watanabe/Andréa Cândido dos Reis/César Penazzo Lepri/Denise Tornavoi de Castro

DOI: 10.11607/ijp.7188

Purpose: To evaluate the effect of different forms of denture adhesives on the formation of biofilm and on adhesive strength, as well as the effectiveness of hygiene protocols for their removal. Materials and Methods: Samples of the heat-cured polymethyl methacrylate denture base resin were made and divided into four groups: control (no adhesive), ultra Corega cream, Corega strip adhesive, and ultra Corega powder (GlaxoSmithKline). Biofilm formation was evaluated by counting colony-forming units and fluorescence microscopy. To evaluate the effectiveness of the hygiene protocols, the samples were divided into five subgroups: brushing with distilled water; brushing with Protex soap; brushing with Colgate toothpaste; immersion in Corega Tabs; and immersion in Corega Tabs followed by brushing with the solution itself. The remaining adhesive was quantified with ImageJ software. The adhesive strength was tested at different time intervals after application. After verifying the data distribution using Shapiro-Wilk test, parametric or nonparametric analysis was applied (α = .05). Results: Candida albicans formed more biofilm in strip (P = .007) and powder (P = .001), Pseudomonas aeruginosa in cream (P < .001) and powder (P < .001), and Staphylococcus aureus in strip (P < .001). All forms of the adhesives promoted higher biofilm formation when compared to control (P = .003). Brushing with Colgate and Protex was most effective for removing the adhesives (P < .05). Independently, Powder had the highest adhesive strength (P < .05). Only Strip showed a change in adhesive strength, with higher values after 3 hours of application (P = .004). Conclusion: Daily treatments with mechanical cleaning of the prosthesis are important for removing the adhesives, since the presence of this material can favor biofilm accumulation. The adhesive strength may vary depending on the commercial type, but all forms can be effective in retaining prostheses for a satisfactory period of time.

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