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Influence of the polymerization post-processing procedures on the accuracy of additively manufactured dental model material

Delaram Mostafavi DDS/Mohammed M. Methani BDS, MSD/Wenceslao Piedra-Cascón DDS, MS/Amirali Zandinejad DDS, MS/Wael Att DDS, Dr Med Dent, PhD/Marta Revilla-León DDS, MSD

DOI: 10.11607/ijp.7349

Purpose: To measure the influence of postpolymerization condition (dry or submerged in water) and time (2, 10, 20, and 40 minutes) on the accuracy of additively manufactured model material. Materials and Methods: A bar standard tessellation language file was used to manufacture the resin specimens (E-Model Light, EnvisionTEC) using a 3D printer (Vida HD, EnvisionTEC). Two groups were created based on the postpolymerization condition: dry (D group) or submerged in water (W group). Each group was divided into four subgroups (D1 to D4 and W1 to W4) depending on the postpolymerizing time (2, 10, 20, and 40 minutes; n = 20 each; N = 160). The specimen dimensions were measured using a low-force digital caliper (Absolute Low Force Caliper Series 573, Mitutoyo). The volume was calculated: 𝑉 = 𝑙 × 𝑤 × ℎ. Shapiro-Wilk test revealed that the data were not normally distributed. Data were analyzed using Kruskal-Wallis and pairwise Mann-Whitney U tests (α = .05). Results: Significant differences in length, width, height, and volume values were found among the subgroups (P < .0018). In all groups, the width dimension (x-axis) presented the worst accuracy compared to height (z-axis) and length (y-axis) (P < .0018). The D2 and D4 subgroups obtained the closest dimensions to the virtual design; additionally, no significant differences were found between the two subgroups (P < .0018). Dry condition showed higher manufacturing accuracy compared to the water-submerged condition. In the water-submerged subgroups, the highest accuracy was obtained in the W2 and W4 subgroups (P < .0018). Conclusion: Postpolymerization conditions and time influenced the accuracy of the material tested. Dry postpolymerization condition with a time of 10 and 40 minutes obtained the highest accuracy.

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