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Comparative mechanical testing for the digitally produced provisional fixed partial denture prostheses to the conventional method: in-vitro study

Dr. Ahmed Othman MSc/Mr Dragan Ströbele/Dr. med. dent Alexander Lüllmann/Dr. med. dent. Oliver Stehle/Dr. med. dent Vasilios Alevizakos/Prof. Dr. Constantin von See

DOI: 10.11607/ijp.6440

Purpose: To examine and compare the fracture strength of digitally produced interim materials to the conventional chairside method for implant-cemented fixed partial denture prostheses. Materials and Methods: Three groups of seven specimens each were produced: group A, 3D-printed with VarseoSmile Temp material (Bego); group B, milled using Telio CAD material (Ivoclar Vivadent), and group C, conventional chairside manufacturing method using Luxatemp material (DMG). All groups were cemented using FujiCEM 2 (GC) to Standard Abutments (SIC) placed in artificial Sawbones blocks. The fracture strength was performed using universal testing machine Z010 (ZwickRoell). Statistical analysis of the resultant maximum forces was performed using SPSS (version 25.0, IBM) software (Mann- Whitney U test, P < .05). Results: The mean fracture strength of the printed provisional fixed partial dentures was 260.14 ± 28.88 N, of the milled interim fixed partial dentures was 663.57 ± 140.55 N, and for the control group reached 266.65 ± 63.66 N. Data showed a significant deviation of the normal distribution Kolmogorov-Smirnov test > .05 for all groups. Conclusion: Milled provisional fixed partial dentures showed a higher fracture resistance compared to 3D-printed and control chairside groups. However, for 3D-printed and control groups, no such difference could be detected.

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