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Influence of the cement type on its removal quality from the zirconium oxide implant-supported restorations

Egle Vindasiute-Narbute, PhD, DDS/Algirdas Puisys, DDS, PhD/Rolandas Andrijauskas, CDT, MTD, DT/Gaivile Pileicikiene, DDS, PhD, Assoc. Prof./Dominyka Malinauskaite, DDS/Tomas Linkevicius, DDS, PhD, Dip.Pros, Prof

DOI: 10.11607/ijp.7088

Purpose: To assess excess cement removal after cementation of implant-supported cementretained restorations using different cements. Materials and Methods: A model with soft tissue imitation, 20 individual zirconium oxide abutments, and 20 zirconium oxide crowns were fabricated. Half of the restorations were cemented using resin cement (RX) and the other half with resin-modified glass-ionomer cement (GC). After cement cleaning, each crown-abutment unit was removed from the model, photographed, and analyzed from 4 surfaces, resulting in a final sample size of 80 measurements. Radiographic examination and the computerized planimetric method in Adobe Photoshop were used to determine the amount of the cement left and to evaluate the ratio between the area of cement residue and the whole crown-abutment surface. The significance was set to .05. Results: GC resulted in 7.4% more cement residue on all surfaces (P < .05) than RX. The P value on three of the surfaces (all except mesial) was < .05, meaning that the data were statistically significantly different between groups and surfaces. Absolute removal of the cement was impossible in all cases (100%), and in 95% of the cases, cement remnants could not be detected radiographically. Conclusion: More undetected cement remains when using resin-modified glass-ionomer cement. It was impossible to remove excess of both types of cements completely. Most of the cement remains on the distal surface. Radiographic examination could not be considered as a reliable method to identify excess cement.

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