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Effect Of Different Milling Devices On Marginal Fit Of CAD-CAM Zirconia Copings On Implant Stock Abutments

Roberto Adrian Markarian, DDS, PhD/Ednaria Vasconcelos, DDS/Jun Ho Kim, DDS, MS/Nikolai J. Attard, BChD, MS, PhD/Arthur Rodriguez Gonzalez Cortes, DDS, PhD


DOI: 10.11607/ijp.7069

Purpose: To compare the marginal fit and internal surface roughness of CAD/CAM zirconia copings milled with 3- and 5-axis milling devices. Materials and Methods: Forty titanium implant stock abutments (4.8 mm in diameter, 4 mm in height) screwed to dental implants (4.1 mm in diameter) embedded in resin were considered phantoms and included in this in vitro study. All 40 phantoms were scanned with the same intraoral scanner, from which images of the virtual wax-up of zirconia copings were obtained and exported as standard tessellation language (STL) files. From each resulting STL file, two copings were milled: one using a 3-axis milling device, and the other using a 5-axis milling device. After milling, zirconia copings underwent high-speed sintering before being analyzed for marginal fit (ie, marginal gap measurement), and internal surface roughness was assessed with a scanning electron microscope (SEM). Statistical comparisons between groups were assessed with Mann-Whitney test. Results: Median marginal gap values were 34.80 μm (95% CI: 0.00 to 173.98) for the 5-axis milling device group and 141.97 μm (95% CI: 82.13 to 163.46) for the 3-axis milling device group. A statistically significant difference in marginal gap was found between both milling device groups (P = .039). In addition, qualitative SEM analysis indicated higher internal surface roughness for the 3-axis milling device group. Conclusion: Within the limitations of this study, the present findings suggest that 5-axis milling devices outperform 3-axis milling devices for milling CAD/CAM zirconia copings from intraoral scans of implant stock abutments.


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