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The International Journal of Adult Orthodontics & Orthogathic Surgery
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International Journal of Adult Orthodontics and Orthognathic Surgery

Year 1991
Volume 6 , Issue 1

Pages: 7 - 18

Stability after surgical-orthodontic correction of skeletal Class III malocclusion. I. Mandibular setback

Proffit/Phillips, Dann, IV/Turvey

Postsurgical stability of mandibular setback to correct mandibular prognathism was compared for three approaches: transoral vertical ramus osteotomy, bilateral sagittal split osteotomy with wire osteosynthesis and maxillom andibular fixation, and bilateral sagittal split osteotomy with rigid internal fixation via bone screws. In the transoral vertical ramus osteotomy group, the mean postsur gical change in chin position was almost zero, but nearly 50% of the patients did have clinically significant changes in chin position; two thirds of these movements were posterior and one third anterior. In the bilateral sagittal split osteotomy groups, the chin either stayed in its immediately postsurgical position or moved anteriorly. In one fourth of the patients who received maxillomandibular fixation and in nearly half of the patients who received rigid internal fixation, the chin moved forward more than 4 mm.


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